Taking Control of Fugitive Material

Grupo Cementos de Chihuahua

Grupo Cementos de Chihuahua upgrades its bulk material handling conveyors, helping the company eliminate waste and reduce maintenance.

By Mark S. Kuhar and Josephine Smith

Grupo Cementos de Chihuahua
To deliver positive dust containment, each transfer point was outfitted with Martin ApronSeal Skirting, a dual design with two sealing surfaces.

Grupo Cementos de Chihuahua (GCC) – a global producer of cement, ready-mixed concrete, aggregates and related products to construction industries in Mexico, the United States and Bolivia – has completed a significant upgrade to its bulk material handling conveyors, helping the company eliminate waste and reduce maintenance, while minimizing potential risks from airborne dust and fugitive material build-up. 

By avoiding accumulations that required cleanup, the company is also reducing the need for maintenance personnel to work in close proximity to fast-moving conveyors, helping further diminish the chance of accident or injury.

Like most cement manufacturing sites, GCC Dakotah employs an extensive conveyor system to handle raw materials and move finished product. In keeping with its long-range plans to employ industry best practices for bulk handling and fugitive material control in its plants, company officials conducted an extensive assessment of the conveyors in early 2013. It was determined that significant upgrades could be made on conveyor transfer points to reduce spillage and dust emissions; the company contacted Martin Engineering for a proposal.

Martin Tracker
Each conveyor was fitted with a Martin Tracker for the return side to help reduce edge damage, prevent spillage and extend belt life.

“Virtually any time bulk material is moved, especially in large quantities or at high speeds, the potential exists to create and release dust,” explained Martin Engineering Product Engineer Dan Marshall. “Dust accumulation affects both safety and productivity, so it’s really more than just a housekeeping issue. Complicating the situation is the fact that bulk handling systems frequently must accommodate changing weather and material conditions, making dust management an even bigger challenge.”

Significant Overhaul
The upgrade involved a significant overhaul of six transfer points on four conveyors, which were originally constructed in the late 1970s. All belts are 24-in. wide, and range in length from 40 to 110 ft. During normal operation, they move 200 to 250 tph of clinker from the storage building and carry it to the bins feeding the finish mills.

“Most of the material handling system at this plant was fairly standard issue for its time, but some of the components were nearing the end of their useful life,” said GCC Maintenance Manager Ralph Denoski. “We were also aware that significant advancements had been made in some areas of bulk handling, and we wanted to take advantage of the newest technologies.”

With a detailed proposal from Martin Engineering in hand, GCC planned the upgrade process for a scheduled shutdown in March 2013. In addition to supplying the components, Martin Engineering was responsible for planning and supervision of the project, while a mechanical contracting group assisted with the installation.

Three Martin Trac-Mount Idlers
Each transfer point received one new impact cradle and two belt support cradles.

Components of the Upgrade
Work began on all four conveyors by disconnecting the material inlet chutes from the existing skirtboard system and removing the worn rubber skirt seals, clamps, supports, skirtboard chute walls and tail boxes. Existing idlers were also removed to allow mounting of new belt support systems and troughing roll assemblies.

On each conveyor, three Martin Trac-Mount Idlers were installed, spaced to deliver optimum belt support. The unique idler design delivers proper belt carriage, while stabilizing the belt line to improve sealing. Its slim profile requires only 8 in. of space for 6-in. idlers, and the slide-in/slide-out frames allow service without the need to raise the belt or remove adjacent idlers.

With new idlers and troughing roll assemblies in place, each transfer point received one new impact cradle and two belt support cradles. Installed under the loading zone, Martin Impact Cradles absorb the force of falling material in a transfer point and stabilize the belt line to help prevent the escape of dust and fines. Rugged impact bars are composed of a top layer of low-friction, ultra-high molecular weight (UHMW) polymer and a lower layer of energy-absorbing styrene butadiene rubber (SBR).

Working in conjunction with the impact cradles is a pair of Martin Slider Cradles on each conveyor. Installed under the skirtboard of the transfer point, these cradles support the edges of the belt specifically to eliminate sagging. With the proper support in place, pinch points that can trap material and gouge the belts are eliminated, improving both sealing efficiency and belt life. When the top eventually wears out, the bars can simply be flipped over to provide a second wear surface.

Sixteen-foot sections of skirt board were installed on each transfer point, with new side/center supports and covers. The new skirt board is 7-in. high on two of the conveyors, and 12-in. high on the other two. Each system also included internal skirt board wear liners and a new tail box assembly with sealing components.

Martin Engineering primary cleaner
The Martin Engineering primary cleaner features a special polyurethane blend to deliver long service life.

Positive Containment
To deliver positive containment of fugitive dust, each transfer point was outfitted with Martin ApronSeal Skirting, a dual design with two sealing surfaces. A primary seal is clamped to the steel skirt board to keep lumps on the belt, and a secondary seal or “outrigger” strip captures any fines or dust particles that may pass beneath the primary seal.

The secondary seal lies gently on the belt and self-adjusts to maintain consistent strip-to-belt pressure, despite high-speed material movement and fluctuations in the belt’s line of travel.

Each conveyor was then fitted with a Martin Tracker for the return side, installed approximately 10 ft. ahead of the tail pulley. By providing immediate and continuous precision adjustment of the belts, the Tracker helps reduce edge damage, prevent spillage and extend belt life.

Finally, each belt received one Martin QC1 Cleaner HD as a primary cleaner and one Martin SQC2S Cleaner. The QC #1 features a special polyurethane blend and tungsten carbide tip to deliver service life 2-3 times longer than conventional urethane blades. Designed to provide excellent cleaning performance immediately, avoiding any break-in period, the assembly maintains consistent tension without frequent adjustment.

Positive Results
The entire upgrade operation was completed in just 11 days during the scheduled outage, with crews working 12-hour days to accommodate the planned shutdown. While specific cost savings are difficult to quantify, Denoski said the difference is easily observed. “The production team responsible for that area has had nothing but positive feedback about the upgrades,” he said. “We’re not losing product to spillage and dust, so that material can be sold instead of cleaned up off the floor. The manpower formerly spent on cleanup can now be directed to core business activities.

“Our experience with Martin Engineering has been very positive,” Denoski concluded. “The company’s greatest strengths are its knowledge of bulk material handling problems and the best solutions for addressing them. And the no-excuses guarantee gives us the confidence of knowing that it will stand behind its products.”

Information and images for this article provided by Martin Engineering.

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