In comments submitted to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO), the Portland Cement Association (PCA) stated that federal policy and support is vital to accelerate the deployment of technologies that can decarbonize the U.S. industrial sector.
In its comments, the association noted that it shares the Biden-Harris administration’s goal of carbon neutrality by 2050 through its own Roadmap to Carbon Neutrality, which lays out a pathway to achieve this across the cement-concrete-construction value chain by 2050.
The comments also state that without strong federal support, AMO’s timeline to reach carbon neutrality across industry is unrealistic due to the significant technical, legal and economic challenges regarding technologies like carbon capture utilization and storage (CCUS), and others including hydrogen fuel and kiln electrification.
“Federal policy must accelerate the significant technology, funding, and market innovation needed for rapid decarbonization while preserving economic growth and international competitiveness,” said Sean O’Neill, senior vice president of government affairs at PCA. “The adoption of CCUS is key to achieving deep decarbonization in the cement industry.”
PCA noted that CCUS would capture the 60% of cement sector emissions that come from converting limestone to clinker. With the right federal and state policies, CCUS could become scalable within 10 years; however, infrastructure, policy, permitting and funding challenges remain. 45Q tax credit and other tax incentive reforms, plus the use of Department of Energy loan programs, would accelerate early investment and adoption of CCUS.
PCA comments also state that hydrogen fuels and kiln electrification present potentially transformative emissions reduction technologies, but neither measure will be viable for at least 15 to 20 years.